mount taranaki eruption

Mt Taranaki was considered the most likely New Zealand volcano to cause national-scale impacts over our lifetimes, with a 50 per cent probability of an eruption in the next 50 years. Following the extrusion of a small lava dome, the eruption culminated in an explosive phase that produced the so-called Burrell Lapilli covering over 200 square km of the North Island in pumice. A volcanic eruption of Mt Taranaki (Egmont Volcano) has been assessed as a moderate-very high hazard for the Taranaki region and as one of three regional hazards with national significance. Mount Taranaki is the centerpiece of Egmont National Park on the W side of the North Island of New Zealand. Photo by Chris Newhall, 1986 (U.S. Geological Survey). While eruptions have not occurred at regular intervals, on average there has been a moderate-sized eruption every 340 years, with numerous small ones. Mt Taranaki volcano was well monitored by GeoNet, and would likely show unrest days or months before an eruption started, he said. Taranaki civil defence authorities have begun training an army of 500 volunteers for when, not if, Mt Taranaki erupts, and for major weather events. Mount Ruapehu (/ ˈ r uː ə ˌ p eɪ h uː /; Māori: [ˈɾʉaˌpɛhʉ]) is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand.It is 23 kilometres (14 mi) northeast of Ohakune and 23 km (14 mi) southwest of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, within Tongariro National Park.The North Island's major ski resorts and only glaciers are on its slopes. An explosive medium sized ash eruption occurred around 1755AD and minor volcanic events (creation of a lava dome in the crater and its collapse) occurred in the 1800’s. Detailed studies by scientists from Massey University have worked out the history of volcanic eruptions at Mt Taranaki over the last 130,000 years. Its most recent activity, during the 15th to 19th centuries, included the eruption of ash plumes, pyroclastic flows that traveled to the NW, and emplacement of the summit lava dome.

Mt Taranaki was considered the most likely New Zealand volcano to cause national-scale impacts over our lifetimes, with a 50 per cent probability of an eruption in the next 50 years.

Taranaki began erupting about 130,000 years ago, with large eruptions occurring on average every 500 years and smaller eruptions about 90 years apart. Mount Taranaki is one of the most symmetrical volcanic cones in the world and, at 2,518 meters high, is the second highest peak in the North Island. 1655 AD Burrel Lapilli eruption The largest known eruption of Taranaki in recent centuries was a major explosive (subplinian VEI 4) eruption around 1655.

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