It also requires effective methods for monitoring populations and habitats as well as for manipulating deer numbers or habitat factors to meet diverse social and economic objectives. Although bucks may travel outside this distance during the rut. The largest and heaviest mule deer tend to be found in northern locations such as Ontario and Minnesota. Mule deer, on the other hand, have only existed for around 10,000 years. The mule deer simply adds more distance in the belief that its fleetness of foot will give it … A mule deer can stand as high as between three and three and a half feet tall when measured from its shoulder. These big ears will let them hear much farther away, and keep them safe in the rocky mountains. Since then i have hunted nearly every year. Habitat and Habits Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. Whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) live in nearly all of the contiguous 48 states except California and Nevada. Unlike the related white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which is found through most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho and Wyoming northward, mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. If I'm not outdoors, I am probably studying for my next big test, hanging out with my friends and family, or I am making content for the community around this blog. of Wildlife, mule deer were common but not abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in the West. The ears are the next giveaway, especially if you are looking at a doe. Although if you are looking at mule deer doe, their faces look different than the bucks. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. Their coloration can vary greatly but they tend to look more like mule deer. How many species of deer are there in North America? Even though whitetail deer are smaller than mule deer, there’s an overwhelmingly large chance that the whitetail will win if the two get into a fight. All Rights Reserved. Archery Archery opportunities are available. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. Waiting for deer to come out to places of interest like food sources or bedding areas is much easier than spot and stalk tactics in the thickets.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',116,'0','0'])); As for mule deer, these same strategies may be harder to use due to the terrain they live in. However, their range overlaps in some areas, and you may be left wondering whether you just saw a white-tailed deer or a mule deer. Among the species of deer native to North America we can find the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).While the white-tailed deer lives throughout the United States, the mule deer inhabits only part of it. We also found out that a new whitetail-mule deer hybrid species is sadly never going to exist, and that is probably because mule deer are already a hybrid of whitetails with blacktail deer. It is generally accepted that mule deer are a result of thousands of years of hybridization between the whitetail deer, and the coastal blacktail deer. Their antlers fork into two off the main beam, continue to grow, and then fork into two again. In the Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer were taking over whitetail habitat. They were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the initial decades of the 20th century. Water use varies by season and habitat conditions. Pretty much, if the tail is up, and you see white on the underside you are looking at a White-tailed deer. I killed my first deer at the young age of 5 with a .243. They evolved into their current form following the ending of the latest ice age. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. The mule deer’s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus, which means (according to Conserve Nature.org) “hollowed toothed half-ass”. Following the ice age, these deer suddenly had fewer predators and were able to expand outside of their normal home ranges. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. The most numerous and widespread deer species is the highly adaptable white-tailed deer, which lives across much of North America, from urban environments to remote wilderness areas. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. Maximum antler size occurs between 5–7 years of age. In some areas, including northern regions, bucks can be as heavy as 450 pounds. We can see their physical differences like the coloration in their faces or rear, along with the different formation of antlers in bucks, but we also know about how their behavior differs. They occupy the same habitats, have similar food preferences (they are almost identical), and habitat preferences are similar. While we can see how whitetail and mule deer are very similar, they are also quite different. Here you’ll find informative articles about the biology, habitat, habits of deer. The whitetail deer has more of a reddish hue to its coat.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',108,'0','0'])); And during the summer whitetail shed their fall coats in favor of a lighter, even redder, summer coat. The face of the mule deer is predominantly white between the nose and the eyes. They have to travel so much that they are considered to migrate further than any other animal in the lower 48.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-leader-1','ezslot_4',113,'0','0'])); Whitetail are typically fairly skittish animals. However, whitetail and mule deer do overlap sometimes, whether because whitetail deer are encroaching into historic mule deer habitat or they just exist in an area where they have long intermixed. Due to hunting regulations, Sitka black-tailed deer should not be confused with mule deer and can be identified most readily by their small stature and black tail. So the blacktail and mule deer are the same species, but the mulie is a subspecies of the blacktail, and they are both close cousins to the whitetail. Mule deer are larger than whitetail deer, usually weighing between 100 and 220 pounds. They were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the initial decades of the 20th century. Subsequently, mule deer numbers have historically fluctuated, primarily in response to climatic and habitat conditi… A trait that is sure not to lead to survival or offspring if they could have them. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. Whitetail focus on speed and darting away as fast as possible to put distance between them and the threat, whereas mule deer use sotting to get away. This is a quick indication of which species the animal is if it is a buck, though you will have to pay closer attention if it is a doe. You now know that they occupy different regions of North America and respond very differently to threats. Whitetail deer raise their tails (showing the white) and run as fast as they can when they are startled. They occupy the same habitats, have similar food preferences (they are almost identical), and habitat preferences are similar. Water use varies by season and habitat conditions. We have already talked about how whitetail and mule deer have very different attitudes. The mule deer has a patch of white on the throat. If you’re a hunter or nature enthusiast in areas where there are deer, you are probably keen to find out the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. Whitetails evolved in thick marshes and forests where visibility was limited had fewer predators and were able expand... Content produced is strictly the opinion of the next giveaway, especially if you like content! 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